Social Security Number Scans and E-Verify, How Do They Differ?

A Social Security Number Scan is a third-party background check research tool. E-Verify permits an employer to directly verify Social Security Numbers, Immigration “A,” and I-9 numbers through the Social Security Administration (SSA) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

 

Social Security Number Scans (Pre-Screening)

A Social Security Number Scan provides an inexpensive independent third-party source of name and address history that can be used when running criminal record checks. Applicants (especially those with something to hide) often do not disclose all of the names they have used or give a complete address history.

 

The primary source of information for a Social Security Number Scan is the header information from credit applications submitted to a Credit Reporting Agency. The name, address, Social Security Number, and employer (no credit information) listed for each credit application are placed into a separate database for later searching. The scan finds all names and addresses in the file associated with a specific Social Security Number.

 

The Social Security Number Scan also uses published Social Security Administration guidelines to determine whether a Social Security Number is valid and where and when it was issued.

 

E-Verify (Employment Eligibility Verification)

The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) requires that an employee’s eligibility to work be verified by use of the Employment Eligibility Verification Form I-9 and must be initiated within three business days after an employee has been hired

 

The federal government’s Employment Verification Program (E-Verify) has been developed to permit an employer to directly verify online Social Security Numbers, Immigration “A,” and I-9 numbers through the Social Security Administration (SSA) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

Employers may not pre-screen applicants or verify the employment eligibility of current employees through E-Verify.

E-Verify does not provide additional information about the applicant’s name variations or address history (like a traditional Social Security Number Scan) and cannot be used as a research tool when conducting a Comprehensive Background Check.

 

The ONLY function of E-Verify is to meet the federal government’s employment eligibility requirements after an employee has been hired.

 

A Matter of Fact provides a seamless web-based interface with E-Verify, requiring no testing or certification.

 

Our Recommendations

We strongly recommend that a Social Security Number Scan be run as a critical research tool in every Background Check. See SSN Scan for product information.

 

Because E-Verify is the most accurate and easiest to use method of verifying Social Security, Immigration “A,” and I-9 numbers available to an employer, we also recommend that all employers use E-Verify to meet the federal government’s employment eligibility requirements after an employee has been hired. See Form I-9 and E-Verify for product information.

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